The Royal Navy

Photo:Cadet ratings learning how to use a Sextant during instruction at the main 'King Alfred' site.

Cadet ratings learning how to use a Sextant during instruction at the main 'King Alfred' site.

From 'Wave' HMS King Alfred ship's magazine

Photo:Cadet Ratings under instruction in one of the classrooms at HMS King Alfred

Cadet Ratings under instruction in one of the classrooms at HMS King Alfred

From a private collection

Photo:Cadet Ratings suffering the effects of CS gas after gas mask drill at Hove.

Cadet Ratings suffering the effects of CS gas after gas mask drill at Hove.

From 'Wave' HMS King Alfred ship's magazine

HMS King Alfred: Part 2 - Training begins in earnest

By Tony Drury

In early 1940 additional sites were requisitioned: Mowden School (the Droveway, Hove), evacuated to Oxendon Hall, Market Harborough, Northamptonshire was requisitioned as King Alfred II early in 1940. Lancing College, evacuated to Ludlow in Shropshire in the summer of 1940, was requisitioned at the end of 1940. With the addition of Lancing College, the various elements of King Alfred became identified by a location letter instead of the usual suffix 'II' or 'III': the main headquarters site in Hove was referred to as both King Alfred and King Alfred (H) , Lancing as King Alfred (L), and Mowden King Alfred (M).

Mowden
Initially an annex for the main site as the numbers of men arriving increased. In the summer of 1941 it became the new home of the Admiralty Selection Board, previously held at the RN Barracks, Portsmouth. From July 8th 1941 it became the reception centre for all CW candidates. There was no accommodation at Mowden, cadet ratings were billeted in small hotels and private homes in the local area.

Ratings underwent a medical before attending the Admiralty Selection Board in the school library. CW Ratings arrived at King Alfred wearing their seaman's 'square rig' uniform, Those who passed the Board were issued with two white cap bands to be worn in place of the normal 'HMS' cap tally and became 'cadet ratings'. A playing field served as the parade ground with a mast from which the White Ensign and various signal flags were flown; morning divisions were held there in all weathers. Cadet Ratings were expected to achieve a high level of 'OLQs' (officer like qualities), the qualities and behaviour expected of an officer and a gentleman, any displays of LDA (lower deck attitude) could result in a candidate being failed and returned to his unit at any point in the course.

Cadet Ratings were organised into 'Divisions' at Mowden, groups of around 100 men, named for famous naval figures, such as Anson, Drake, and Nelson, which they remained with throughout their time at King Alfred. Cadet ratings stayed at Mowden for 2 weeks before moving with their Division to the next stage of the course. From January 1941 this was at Lancing College.

Lancing
Training commenced at Lancing from mid January 1941, under the care of Commander Hugh MacLean, Officer in Charge of King Alfred (L) . The Cadet ratings were accommodated in large communal dormitories at the College during this phase of their course, morning Divisions being held in the Tower Quad. Navigation and signalling training at Lancing employed a technique and technology used by the Fleet Air Arm to train Air Direction Officers in the use of vectors - the Wall's Ice-cream tricycle. The trainee had to peddle around a set course following bearings using a compass mounted on the box at the front of the machine. Lancing trainees had to obey the 'rules of the road' of seamanship and be conversant in signalling using flags which they attached to a small mast on the front. The cricket pitch was used for this activity. The first Division of Cadet ratings to pass out from King Alfred (L) did so on February 27th at a parade witnessed by Rear-Admiral Harrison.

On May 29th 1941 His Majesty King George VI visited and is known to have inspected the Lancing and Hove Marina sites. While at Lancing he inspected several Divisions of Cadet Ratings on the Tower Quad. In August 1942 HMS King Alfred (L) provided a staging point for Canadian troops participating in operation 'Jubilee', the ill-fated allied raid on the port of Dieppe. [See HMS Lizard for more detail]

At the completion of their six weeks at Lancing the entire division transferred to the main site at Hove for the final stage of their training.

Hove
The final four weeks of training were done in the main building, the RNVR Drill hall in Victoria Terrace and at Shoreham harbour. Accommodation for Cadet Ratings was the dormitories in the converted underground car park. Direct entry officers were billeted 'ashore' in hotels and private houses

One of the first tasks upon arrival at Hove was being measured for an officer's uniform; the area around the establishment had attracted a number of naval outfitters and at least five had opened a stone's throw from the main entrance.

Photo:Captain Pelly and the senior staff officers pose with newly passed out class of RNVR officers outside the main building of 'King Alfred'.

Captain Pelly and the senior staff officers pose with newly passed out class of RNVR officers outside the main building of 'King Alfred'.

From the private collection of Tony Drury

Having achieved the required marks to complete the course and passed their Final Board, Cadet Ratings received their Commissions at a final parade in the main hall attended by a senior officer, usually an Admiral. From Hove the new Acting Temporary Probationary Sub-Lieutenants in the R.N.V.R. went to the Royal Naval College at Greenwich.

Added to the site on 26-03-06 
This page was added on 26/06/2006.
Comments about this page

I have my father's notebook from his time at Lancing in 1944, including a pencil sketch map of the school showing the various naval departments - quarterdeck etc. Would you like a scan of it for your records ? If so, email me.
Editor's note: Hello Dick - these messages do not show your email address.  Would love a scan - can you contact me?  jennifer@mybrightonandhove.org.uk

By Dick Bland (24/10/2006)

The first photo has a totally wrong caption. The cadet has in his hand a Vernier Sextant used for solar observations for determining the vessel's position, Latitude or Longitude, depending on the time of day. He is obviously focussing on bringing an image of the Sun's lower limb to the horizon to measure the angle and calculate a position line.

By Ian Wallis (18/05/2007)

There is an excellent description of HMS King Alfred in the book "In Which They Served" by Brian Lavery published in 2008.

By Gerry Wright (29/08/2009)

My grandfather was at HMS King Alfred in 1944 I'm trying to find out more detail about his wartime and post war service. His name was Douglas Walter Hodgson. I have a photo album which shows pictures of him in Gib, Port Said, Connor, Bombay and further East. I also have a deck picture of the HMS Rajah which was a US escort carrier on load to the Royal Navy but I don't know if he served on her or if he was just visiting. Can anyone help?

Editor's note: Richard: please email our Royal Navy Historian who will be able to help you with your search. Contact him at: tonydrury@mybrightonandhove.org.uk

By Richard Hodgson (08/11/2013)

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